The Greenhouse Effect: Climate Change And Global Warming

Good Essays
Earth is a planet that has relatively stable temperatures. This is possible because of Earth’s atmosphere as it consists of a thin layer of gases that forms a “cloak” around the planet. There are 97 percent of climate scientists that agrees that people on Earth has changed its atmosphere in a considerable way over the past two centuries. The results of this is due to the greenhouse effect that causes global warming (Lallanila, 2015b). But what is the greenhouse effect?
What is the greenhouse effect?
Figure 1. The greenhouse effect. Available from: http://www.livescience.com/37743-greenhouse-effect.html Accessed on: 27 July 2015
The greenhouse effect is a natural event that occurs on Earth. The gases in Earth’s atmosphere has its own absorption
…show more content…
The use of these gases has increased due to the use of nitrogen based fertilizers in agriculture and catalytic converters in automobiles (Sharma, 2008).
Human’s impact on the greenhouse effect:
Although the greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon and that the greenhouse gases has always been in the atmosphere, the amount of greenhouse gases is a problem as it drastically increased over the past decades. The Industrial Revolution plays a big part in the quantity of atmospheric CO2 being released. During the ice ages the CO2 fluctuated between 180 ppm and during the interglacial warm periods 280 ppm. What is significant is that since the Industrial Revolution, the quantity of CO2 increased 100 times faster than the increase when the ice age ended (Lallanilla, 2015a)
During the industrial processes, fluorinated gases (gases that includes fluorine) was created like sulphur hexafluoride, perfluorocarbons and hydrofluorocarbons. There are only small concentrations of them present, but it traps heat and that makes them a high “global-warming potential” (GWP) gases (Lallanilla,
…show more content…
These activities includes burning oil, coal and gas thus releasing CO2 into the atmosphere. There are farming practices and land-use changes that increases the amounts of methane and nitrous oxide that’s being released. Factories produces long-lasting greenhouse gases that does not occur naturally in the environment. Deforestation contributes to the greenhouse effect as the trees that are being removed has a critical role by using the CO2 and release oxygen in the process which can form a balance in the atmosphere. Another factor is population growth, because more people will use fossil fuels for heat, manufacturing and transportation and this will just increase the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (West,

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    The evidence includes the increasing global temperature and also the rising sea level. There are several issues that cause global warming, but one of the biggest is the greenhouse effect. According to the IPCC, the greenhouse effect is when greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide, are trapped in the atmosphere causing heat. Greenhouse gases have drastically increased due to factory farms and automobiles. Factory farms burn fossil…

    • 868 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Ozone layer absorbs ultraviolet radiations , and helps to keep the earth temperature normal. Chemicals used to replace CFCs, such as hydrochlorofluorocarbons and hydrofluorocarbons, which are now widely used in automobile and domestic air conditioning systems, may be an added source of global warming (Natalee ,n.d). More immigration to cities is also resulting in more cooking of food , which releases more carbon dioxide in the air. According to new research Under current conditions, a child born in the United States will be responsible for almost seven times the carbon emissions of a child born in China and 168 times the impact of a child born in Bangladesh (Feldstein,…

    • 805 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    One of the major problems facing our world today is global warming. “Global Warming is the increase of Earth 's average surface temperature due to effect of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels or from deforestation, which trap heat that would otherwise escape from Earth” (“ What is Global…”, n.d.). There is a major difference between global warming and greenhouse gases. The greenhouse effect is a natural process in earth’s atmosphere that maintains the average surface temperature. It is caused by certain gases such as water vapor, ozone (O3), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4), and traces of chloro-fluoro-carbons (CFC 's).…

    • 1337 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    (Shuster, 583) One of the most common greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide. When too much heat is absorbed, the atmosphere of the earth begins to warm. This may lead to global warming. Global warming is defined as "an overall increase in the earth 's average temperature." (Shuster, 584) Global warming can lead to problems that affect the land on which we live.…

    • 833 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    David Newell English 102 Butler A Public Turn One definition of climate change is any “lasting changes to a region’s climate, such as differences in average temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns over the course of decades or centuries”. Global warming, however, generally refers to the climatic changes induced by human activity since industrialization (Newell). Climate change has always existed, but until recently it has been a natural process, affected by many factors including solar output, volcanic activity, feedback systems, and Earth’s axis, composition, and reflectivity. Throughout the history of the Earth these factors have influenced ecosystems tremendously, changing oceans to deserts to mountains (“Causes..”). Over the last…

    • 1276 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Industry which causes many industrial processes, such as cement production, liquid natural gas production and coal mining, produce a variety of greenhouse gases. Which contributes to the Warming of the Earth. Recent climate change is caused by an excess of heat-trapping emissions in the atmosphere. The gases happen to be coming from extracting and then burning massive amounts of coal and oil, as well as destroying tropical forests ( Union of concerned scientist ). Industrial activities that our modern civilization depends on have raised CO2 levels.…

    • 1390 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    “Nitrogen oxides have 300 times more heat-trapping capacity per unit of volume than carbon dioxide.” The effects of global warming numerous as well. The old saying, to see is to believe, holds true in this case. The effects of global warming are seen and felt. Human activities that have contributed to global warming are visible to us on a daily basis. The carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel burning power…

    • 719 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It is the uncommonly fast increment in the Earth's average surface temperature over the past time primarily because of the greenhouse gases released as individuals burn fossil fuels. Global warming is because of the enhancing greenhouse gases emission and build-up in the Earth's environment. The gasses that have an impact on the atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, dinitrogen-oxide, and methane. Very nearly 30 percent of incoming sunlight is reflected back into space by bright surfaces like clouds and ice. In the other 70 percent, most are consumed by the land and ocean, and the rest is absorbed by the atmosphere.…

    • 1410 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Earth Observatory: Where every day is Earth Day explains, “…aerosols now use hydrocarbons and compressed gases, such as nitrous oxide, as propellants. The chemicals are greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming… containing organic compounds that release ozone into the lower atmosphere and add to smog.” In other words, solar radiation causes aerosols to warm the air. Although they are small particles, together they have a vast impact on the earth. Since aerosols act as propellants, it means that aerosols have the ability to absorb sunlight and heat from the earth. All in all, the negatives of global warming outweigh the positives.…

    • 926 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The atmospheric condition on Earth is amiable and friendly. There are a number of main factors that influence climate including the amount of sunlight, the height above sea level, and the shape of the land, for example. The Earth’s atmosphere consists of 0.038% of Carbon dioxide, 77% of Nitrogen, 1% of Argon, and 21% of Oxygen (Smith, n.d.). The climate on Mars, in contrast, is hostile and unfriendly to life. The temperature on Mars declines to -87 degree Celsius and hardly get higher than 0 degree Celsius (“Mars facts”, n.d.).…

    • 914 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays