Essay about The Great Chain Of Being

1013 Words Sep 10th, 2016 5 Pages
Artistotle/Plato (384BC-347BC): Artistotle was a Greek philosopher, born in 384BC died in 347BC. Through his work, the “Scala naturae” also called “the great chain of being”, Artistotle tried to analyze the relationship between all living things. “Scala naturae” is the earliest work of taxonomy in biology, which categorized species on Earth from the simplest to most complex. He also declared that species could not ever change over time.
Nicholas Steno (1638-1686): Steno was a Danish scientist. Steno was an anatomist and bishop in the Catholic Church. He was recognized as “The father of paleontology.” In 1666 Steno found the “tongue stones” were originated from shark’s teeth. After the sharks died, their teeth would turn into stone. Steno’s work also found that the layers of rocks on the sides of mountains have the oldest layer at the bottom, and the youngest layers are on the top.
Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778): He is known as the “Father of biological nomenclature”. Linnaeus developed taxonomy system that is still being used today by biologists. Linnaeus’s taxonomy organized living organisms into single hierarchy of groups in such a way that started from the classes, within a class are the orders, within an order is the families, within a family is the genus, and finally within a genus are the species. And these genus, family, order are classified based the traits similarity between species.
Motoo Kimura (1924-1944): Kimura contributions to the field of population genetics…

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