The Gospels Are Historically Reliable Essay
Many historians in opposition to the Christian Faith try to invalidate Catholicism by claiming that the Gospels are not historically reliable. This accusation is entirely false and can logically be disproven by using the five criteria for judging the historical reliability of documents. Is there eyewitness testimony? Where the documents written within living memory of the events? Do outside, unbiased, sources agree? Do the events relayed in the documents sound ridiculously untrue? And lastly, did the authors have anything to gain from lying? In this essay, I will go through these five criteria and prove that the Gospels are historically accurate.
The first criterion to address is if there is eyewitness testimony. Bishop Papias, a man who lived during the apostolic era tells us the authors of the Gospels. The Gospels of Matthew and John are attributed to the apostles Matthew and John. The Apostles accompanied Jesus thought his ministry and therefore would have been witnesses to his works. St. Mark was close friends with St. Peter who was the leader of the apostles and the first Bishop of Rome. Finally is St. Luke’s Gospel. Not only did St. Luke travel with St. Paul but he also interviewed eyewitnesses of the events of Christ’s life. Therefore all four of the Gospels bear eyewitness testimony
The next issue to be addressed is whether or not the documents were written within living memory of the events. In 1925 the Ryland’s Papyrus Fragment of St. John’s gospel was…