The Global Tourism Industry ( Weaver ) Essay example

1168 Words Aug 16th, 2015 null Page
Ecotourism, as a term, was not known until the 1980’s and has since become a major component of the global tourism industry (Weaver, 2008). There are many definitions of ecotourism, ranging from general to specific, written by a number of stakeholders since the term was made common (Weaver, 2008). Peter Valentine (1992) defined it as “nature based tourism that is ecologically sustainable and is based on relatively undisturbed natural areas, is non-damaging and non-degrading, contributes directly to the continued protection and management of protected areas, and is subject to an adequate and appropriate management regime”. Russell Blamey (1997) suggested three criteria of ecotourism that reoccur in other definitions, those being a nature based component, educational and learning elements and the requirement of sustainability (Blamey, 1997 & Weaver, 2008). There are various other types of tourism which stem off ecotourism including nature-based tourism, wildlife tourism, cultural tourism, sea, sun and sand tourism and adventure tourism (Weaver, 2008).

Adventure tourism is a type of tourism that incorporates three main components: risk, physical exertion and specialised skills (Weaver, 2008). This type of tourism’s main characteristics include the use of the natural environment, the main motivation of risk, or the adventure of the event, has little urban planning involved (as it uses the natural environment: cliffs, waterfalls) and usually has a diverse group of participants…

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