Essay about The Global Burden Of Diabetes
Nigeria, with a population of 158 million people, is the most populous country in Africa and accounts for one sixth of Africa’s population. Approximately 50% of Nigerians are urban dwellers and the country has a cultural diversity and 398 documented ethnic groups [World population prospects, 2012]. Health care delivery as in most developing countries of the world is at best sub-optimal and this may be responsible for the dismal health indicator statistics such as reduced life expectancy at birth and increased maternal mortality. Health care provision in Nigeria is a concurrent responsibility of the three tiers of government with private providers of health care also playing a notable role in in health care delivery. Health insurance is still taking tottering steps despite having being inaugurated about two decades ago and healthcare payment is largely “out of pocket”.
A study (In J med sci. 2009) that assessed patients’ knowledge and self-care practices of diabetes found that 78% of the Study population ascribed diabetes to poisoning and that about 70% of patients checked glycaemic control by tasting urine or passing urine on the ground and observing for ants.
The current prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in Nigeria is not known but guestimates may likely be in the region of 8%-10%. Of the four…