The Glass Ceiling Effect: Women’s Career Advancement in Puerto Rico

4532 Words Mar 11th, 2014 19 Pages
The Glass Ceiling Effect: Women’s Career Advancement in Puerto Rico

Ángela Ramos Pérez

May 7, 2008

2 Index Chapter One .....................................................................................................................................3 Introduction..................................................................................................................................3 Purpose for the Study...............................................................................................................3 Limitation ................................................................................................................................6 Chapter Two
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General Accounting Office (GAO) report, research on equal pay and career advancement does not explain the magnitude of earnings differences between men and women, nor why these differences exist. The GAO investigated factors that contribute to earnings differences. Considering the difference between work patterns of men and women, as well as other key factors, women earned, on average, 80% of men's earnings in 2000. However, the GAO earnings model cannot account for the remaining earnings difference. The report suggests that pay differences may be the result of managing work and family responsibilities differently (GAO, 2003).

4 The purposes of this study is to 1) to investigate if the barriers that create the “Glass Ceiling” have broken 2) to investigate whether men and women have an equal opportunity in career advancement 3) what factors contribute to differences in men’s and women’s salary. Research to date has indicated that there are factors present that could be a sign of a glass ceiling in various types. This study pretends to examine for wage disparity between genders, if the existence of a glass ceiling is still present in the work environment and examine the possible wage gap. As such my research questions are as follows: 1. Is there a wage disparity between women and men in the development field? 2. If wage disparity does exist, in which types and sizes of organizations does it occur? 3. Is there a glass ceiling? Are women taking time out of the

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