Franko-Gregorian Liturgy

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These Cluniac monasteries cultivated the liturgy as it was celebrated in Francia, and it was there that the Mixed Franco-German Gregorian liturgy found a beautiful expression. The Franko-German sacramentaries made their way into Italy as enthusiasm heightened for the liturgy as it was celebrated north of the alps. The Cluniac Monks would give liturgical books to clergy who wanted them, and the Saxon rulers Otto I and Otto II also gave the Frankish sacramentaries in Italy in an attempt to revive the liturgical life. The Franco-Germanic liturgy found a home, unofficially, in Italy, but it would not be until the papacy was revived that the Germanization of the liturgy in Rome would be solidified. The emperor offered the papacy to one Bruno of …show more content…
Gregory VII had a dream to unite the entire Church under the papacy. it is no wonder, then, that he sought to impose the Roman liturgy across the entire western Church, as a sign of unity under the Roman Pontiff. Gregory VII would have liked to revive the old Roman liturgy once more, but by this time it was too late, and the Frankish liturgy from the north was well established. Even so, as Klauser puts it, Gregory VII “demand that the episcopal sees of the western Church should follow exclusively the liturgical customs of the Roman see and rigidly obey all liturgical prescriptions issuing from this source.” Thus, the liturgy went full circle, from Rome, to Franco-Germany, and back again; only now the Roman rite was no longer the same as it once was; it was now mixed with Germanic customs, and it was solidified and made the standard all across the west. The result of this exchange of the Roman liturgy being brought into Francia, mixed with Germanic traditions, and being standardized in Rome and all throughout the Holy Roman Empire is what can be called the Germanization of the Roman liturgy. James Russell points out the irony of the Germanization of the Liturgy: “Germanization was the unintentional result of Germanic leaders who sought to accomplish the exact opposite.” By trying to Romanize the Frankish Kingdoms, what really took place was a Germanization of …show more content…
Standardization brought about an end to the oral traditions in liturgy, and replaced them with a written law. This standardization of the texts of the Mass also lead to a rigidity in how Mass was celebrated; if it was written, it had to be said, and what was not written had to be collected or written. Standardization of the Roman liturgy among the Frankish kingdoms by the Emperor lead Frankish clergy to look to Rome for how to celebrate rites. The sacramentaries contained only the words to be spoken, and did not give instructions. “The interest Frankish clerics took in the Roman liturgy led them to go and observe the celebrations in Rome itself and to write ordines (ordo in the singular): accounts of the order in which they were carried out. The diffusion of these ordines was aimed at helping the users to understand the sacramentaries…” Thus ordines begin to emerge, further solidifying and unifying liturgical

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