Geography Of Homelessness

Superior Essays
Abstract:
Homelessness in the United States is an important issue that in the past has been under studied. The homeless in the United States face the monumental problem of increased hostility from local governments and business owners who see the homeless as economic burdens. Homeless people also have the problem of not being able to meet basic needs. This paper explores the geography of homelessness and the multifaceted aspects that contribute to homeless.
Introduction:
There is an estimated 2.3-3.5 million people who experience homelessness each year. A person is deemed homeless if they do not have a regular place to sleep at night (“How Many People Experience Homelessness”). The term homelessness itself is misleading. Homeless is not always
…show more content…
The Untied State has not always had homelessness to the extent it is now. The battle with homelessness started when mental health hospitals were de-institutionalized and when the Federal Government gave the responsibility of public housing to the states. When this happened, the majority of states did not have a plan on what to do with the people exiting the mental health institutions or those who needed low income housing (Griffin, Anna and Thomas Boyd).
Geography of Homeless Shelter
Homeless shelters are typically divided into two types of shelters. There are street shelters and transitional shelters. The transitional shelters usually serve single men, women, and families with children. In the past, the homeless population consisted of older men. Today, the homeless demographic is changing quickly to now include young men, women and children. Usually, the transitional shelters were much more selective in who they helped (Rollinson, Paul A). A city that experienced colder weather was found to be significantly more likely to invest in emergency shelters
…show more content…
After thirty days, people started to feel increasingly more isolated. It was after this period of time that people started to realize that their new position in society was unlikely to change. They notice that the homeless moved around less because of hostility from business owners and their own perceived hostility. Some homeless changed their appearance due to a lack of concern and also due to a lack of access to clean clothes. The feeling of isolation drives some to display peculiar behavior and bad hygiene. By having bad hygiene and acting peculiar it worked to keep people away. The main means of movement for the homeless is by walking. A fourth did say that they used public transportation but for many of them it was a means to pass time. People often described their movement around the city as a way to pass time. The typical spatial movement of people changed depending on if the person was placed in an emergency street shelter or a transitional shelter. Those who mainly used the emergency shelters centered their movement on the “market, bars, parks and their visits to the soup kitchen”. Those who had severe alcohol and drug problems also had a harder time meeting their basic needs. Those with alcohol problems could not enter the mission

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    More than 3.5 million people experience homelessness each year in the U.S. 35% of homeless persons are families with children, 23% are U.S. military veterans, 25% are children under 18 years of age, 30% have experienced domestic violence, and 20-25% experience a mental illness. There are three types of homelessness: chronic homelessness, transitional homelessness, and episodic homelessness. Homelessness in America is a bigger issue than people may realize. Chronic homelessness is defined by a person being entrenched in a shelter system and is in a long-term housing arrangement rather than an emergency arrangement ("National Coalition for the Homeless Homelessness in America - National Coalition for the Homeless," n.d.). People who…

    • 1008 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    According to the National Alliance to End Homelessness, on a single night there are up to 200,000 youth who are homeless (National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2015). The United States Department of Education defines youth homelessness as “individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence” (U.S. Department of Education, 2004). However, the age limitations for the definition of youth homelessness are often inconsistent, which makes it hard to get empirical evidence on the number of homeless youth. Youth homelessness is a widespread issue that has many damaging effects including the increased risk for substance abuse, mental illness, and dropping out of school, but it can be helped with shelters and higher levels of adult…

    • 1439 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    All in all, increasing number of homelessness is not because an Individual chooses to become homeless but they are forced to become homeless cause by various circumstances. People are unable to pay their rent due to high cost of housing, some people have experienced major life tragedies and some people are homeless because of addiction problem. Since homelessness is a serious problem resulting from various circumstances, there are many originations across the United States that are helping and support homeless…

    • 735 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Pathways To Homelessness

    • 1263 Words
    • 6 Pages

    A lot of people like to believe that people are homeless because they lack some sort of talent or ability. Often times people neglect to look at the other reasons why someone might be homeless like the lack of jobs and education. The public usually tends to jump to the worst conclusions rather than looking at it in a different way. Often times people view homelessness through a religious perspective or their political view. They tend to look past the real cause for someone being…

    • 1263 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Economic homelessness is, in fact, affected by life occurrences such as the lack of suitable wages, job loss, domestic violence, single family homes or family disputes. In the United States, the number of people living without homes can be divided into many different subgroups including: families with children, juveniles, youth who are unaccompanied by an adult and individual adults. Each year millions of people have or will experience being homeless. People who become homeless have insufficient economic resources to either maintain or obtain housing. Even if people can find work, it is still will not enough to provide an escape from poverty.…

    • 1565 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cause Of Homelessness

    • 908 Words
    • 4 Pages

    It’s not uncommon to hear stories about a successful individual, hit a sudden low point in life, that influences the individual to make poor choices that often lead to isolation, depression, and/or substance abuse. However the case may be, some individuals may overcome the phase in life, while others may not. “Approximately 1 in 25 adults in the U.S.—10 million, or 4.2%—experiences a serious mental illness in a given year that substantially interferes with or limits one or more major life activities.” (Hunter). Mental illnesses are generally linked with the characteristics of the homeless. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, one third of the homeless population in the U.S. suffers a mental illness.…

    • 908 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Furthermore, there are homeless people who choose to stay homeless because of laziness and getting used to of being homeless (“Top Causes of Homelessness in America” 1). Homelessness is caused by ample reasons. The most common reason people become homeless is a loss of benefits, low wages, or unstable employment (“Why Are People Homeless” 1). All those lead to not being able to pay monthly rent for home and utilities. The income and housing cost become unbalance.…

    • 1578 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    However, those people tend to hide the fact that they are struggling. There are many families in this world that barely make it through. Families of six, with a low paying job puts them in a tough situation. Being homeless puts a lot of stress on many individuals. The economy has a huge impact on homeless individuals, which will continue to increase over the years.…

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Also, physical and mental disability plays a role in homelessness. More than two-fifths of homeless people suffer from one or the other. Over 63% of homeless people caused by personal issues. However, the primary cause of homelessness is a lack of affordable housing. It has economically gotten tougher for homeless people because America is richer than it was…

    • 974 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Problem Youth homelessness is a social problem that has affected the United States for centuries. Children of all ages, ethnicities, and sexual orientations can be found living on the streets year-round. According to the National Coalition for the Homeless, there are one million homeless youth (2014). Many youth experience homelessness for numerous reasons and may partake in dangerous and reckless behaviors to survive. Youth homelessness can be put into distinct categories such as homeless families with children, runaways, and foster children.…

    • 1721 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays