Essay about The Gender Pay Gap

1652 Words Dec 20th, 2012 7 Pages
The Gender Pay Gap
PROBLEM
Introduction The pay gap between men and women has fallen quite dramatically over the past 30 years though a sizeable gap still remains, but this headline figure masks some less positive developments in recent years. We are used to each generation of women making progress relative to the one before, but this process has slowed slightly with the better than the previous one(Centre Piece Summer 2006). The gender pay gap measures the earning differences between women and men in paid employment in the labor market. It is one of many indicators of gender inequality in a country, when examining labor market participation in terms of gender (EC 2007).
The study “Global Employment Trends for Women” published
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, 2005). Auster (1989) has grouped the main explanations of the gender pay gap into two main categories: macro level, where women are seen as a homogeneous group, and micro level, which concentrates on psychological approaches viewing women as a heterogeneous diverse group. At the macro level, the focus is on economic theories, which provide explanations of the phenomenon based on such factors as differences in education, work experience, amount of starting salary as well as general explanations such as different types of discrimination. Micro level explanations of the gender pay gap include such personal factors as individual preferences and forces, which change values and attitudes towards working conditions and compensation practices (Hakim, 2000).
Gender Pay Gap Overtime Looking at the gender pay gap over time, the United States Congress Joint Economic Committee showed that as explained inequities decrease, the unexplained pay gap remains unchanged. Similarly, according to economists Francine Blau and Lawrence Kahn and their research into the gender pay gap in the United States, a steady convergence between the wages of women and men is not automatic. They argue that after a considerable rise in women's wages during the 1980s, the gain decreased in the 1990s. The 2000s are characterised by a mixed picture of increase and decline(www.wikipedia.com). Thus Blau and Kahn assume,"With the evidence suggesting that convergence has slowed in recent

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