Essay on The Fruit Of Mango Seeds

1208 Words Nov 2nd, 2016 5 Pages
Ranked fifth in worldwide production amongst other fruit crops and often considered the “king of fruits”, the mango is well known for its delicious, succulent taste and many nutritional qualities. It is classified within the genus Mangifera belonging to the Anacardiaceae family which includes the cashew, pistachio, and other edible fruits. The Mangifera species can be found in abundance in the islands of Indonesia, the Malay Peninsula, Indochina, and the Philippines (Litz 2009). In particular, Mangifera indica can trace its roots back to southern Asia. It is a native to eastern India, Burma, and the Andaman Islands of southern Asia, and is believed to have been cultivated for more than 4000 years in the same location (Morton & Dowling 1987).
Mango seeds are recalcitrant meaning they are not able to withstand the effects of drying or freezing temperatures, and can lose viability if stored for long periods of time. Therefore, it was believed that the mango was dispersed to other parts of the world as a ripe fruit, seedling, or a grafted plant by European colonists during the 15th and 16th centuries. It has even been suggested that the Portuguese introduced the crop to its African colonies from India, and later to Brazil from Africa. However, some argue that mangoes were introduced to Africa by Arab traders during the 10th century. More distribution of the crop continued as Spain conquistadors transferred polyembryonic mango seeds, or seeds with more than one embryo, via…

Related Documents