Essay on The French Revolution And The Revolution

1818 Words Dec 6th, 2016 8 Pages
Lasting from 1789 to 1799, the French Revolution had a momentous impact beyond its immediate short-term goals. For the French revolutionaries, the war was an effort against the aristocratic privilege and monarchical tyranny that prevailed in the 18th century, but in the years to come, others engaged in warfare would acknowledge that the Revolution’s implications extended these aims. While historians disagree on how to interpret the long-term success of the French Revolution, it is indisputable that this war greatly influenced the nature of warfare by initiating the movement towards the totality of war.
The French Revolution transformed the way in which modern and late-modern war would be, and is, fought. Before 1794, army formations lacked flexibility, but the Revolution gave rise to the widespread use of the column formation that allowed for greater maneuverability in the battlefield. Additionally, warfare became a national effort fueled by nationalism and the expectation of citizen-soldiers at the disposal of a war machine. The tactical and strategic ideas of the French Revolution also influenced the development of asymmetric wars such as guerrilla warfare and insurgency. Finally, the French Revolution opened the path to total war because it became normal, and even expected, for warfare to bring destruction and misery to citizens not normally involved in war.
One of the primary tactical changes of the French Revolution was the birth of column formations in the…

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