Purpose Of The Fourth EU Money Laundering Directive (4MLD)

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The Fourth EU Money Laundering Directive (4MLD) was adopted on the 20th May 2015 with member states having until June 2017 to incorporate the requirements in to their local legislation.

The purpose of the third Directive was to consolidate the first two Directives and bring the European legislation up to date with the Forty Recommendations made by the Financial Action Task Force on money laundering (FATF). The 4MLD serves the purpose to enhance and strengthen the existing money laundering regulations set out in the Third Directive, whilst highlighting the need for a more unified international approach to Financial Crime, utilising FATF recommendations as their global standards.

Whilst the main areas of the Fourth EU Directive remain in
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Historically, Financial Institutions have been relied upon to ensure a certain degree of due diligence to help crack down on Financial Crime.
The September 11 and London Bombing atrocities have highlighted more than ever the importance for Public sectors and Financial Institutions to share information and work together to combat Terrorist Funding and Financial Crime.
The National Crime Agency (NCA) was formed in 2013 as part of the coalition government to replace the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA). Its aim was to analyse how criminals operate in the UK and on a larger scale using its global relationships with the Private Sector and public sectors organisations to share information and help tackle Financial Crime as a shared partnership.
On 7 October 2013, to coincide with the launch of the National Crime Agency (“NCA”) in the UK, the Government published a serious and organised crime strategy setting out how it will prevent people getting involved in serious and organised crime. The strategy included reference to private sector assistance including financial institutions.

The strategy sets out the four components of its
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5. Leading the Fight against International Corruption

Details the work of DfiD and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and confirms the continued funding of ABC initiatives. Awareness of the Bribery Act 2010 to be raised amongst commercial organisations. The Cabinet will continue to influence stakeholders and participate within G20, OECD, United Nations and FATF.

6. Implementing the Anti-Corruption Plan

There is acknowledgement that the plan will continue to evolve. To assist the delivery of the actions and continued evolution of the plan, a cross departmental unit on international corruption will be established as well as a forum for civil society and business leaders to ensure private sector engagement is strengthened

On April 2014, The Home Secretary, the Governor of the Bank of England and the Chairman of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) chaired a forum in which to discuss new ways to tackle Financial Crime. Teresa May

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