The Four Major Theories Of Personality Essays

882 Words Dec 2nd, 2016 4 Pages
Several different ways can describe personality. However, there are four major theories to help explain personality. The four major theories are psychodynamic, five-factor model, humanistic, and social-cognitive. Those four theories help to understand personality. Each of the four major theories has advantages and disadvantages. Later, we will talk about advantages and disadvantages, but first, it is important to understand each theory.
Sigmund Freud introduced the psychodynamic theory. Freud believed that the mind had three parts: the preconscious, conscious, and unconscious. He theorized that a part of the mind always remains hidden. Freud also believed that the unconscious mind was the most important determining factor in personality. Based on observations that Freud did, he believed that personality could be divided into three parts: the id, ego, and superego. The way the three parts of personality developed and interacted with one another became the heart of his theory. Present in the infant is the id. The id is the first and most primitive part of personality. The id is completely unconscious, amoral part of personality that exists at birth. It contains all the basic biological drives: hunger, thirst, and sex. The id is satisfied by getting what it wants when it wants it. This leads to the second part of personality called the ego. It is mostly conscious. The ego works to satisfy the demands of the id only in ways that will not lead to negative consequences. The…

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