The Four Layers Of The Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model

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The four layer of the Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model is the macrosystem. The macrosystem is societies social order influencing the each layer of the Bronfenbrenner’s. It is the overarching of beliefs and values. Some influence of the macrosystem are techology, cultural values, customs, and laws by government and state. The influence of technology known as mediated communication is through electronic and social media. For example, technology can impact how school, business, and homes function by altering their norms and values. Some forms of technologies used with children are computers and ipads. The computer and ipad are safe technology for children because parents and teacher can limit the functions of the system. A computer can …show more content…
A chronosystem is the dimension of time throughout the system. For example, it can be death externally or physiological internally. Some influence to the chronosystem is war, depression, social problems, natural disasters. The influence within the chronosystem to other layers of the Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model allows children to experience culture diversity. One social problem that society is challenging with is biased and prejudices from a misunderstanding of cultural difference creating war or social problems. If your values, if your attitudes, customs, and traditions are different from someone else, that leaves a lot of room for misinterpreting behaviors (Iris, 2009). For example, misinterpreting things like call-and-response, quietness, lack of eye contact, not understanding that when you give a compliment to a child some of them want to be closer to you in terms of proximity (Iris, 2009). The misinterpreting can affect the child self-concept or self-esteem. It is very important to identify with what the child is thinking, feelings, or experiencing in order to help with self-regulation and self-awareness from external and internal …show more content…
Society determines the social norms and values. Some learning from socialization with children are intentional and unintentional. Agents of socialization include parents, siblings, extended family, community, culture, economic environment, religion, child care, school, teachers, peers, formal organizations, sports, mass media, and technology. In an ideal world, these agents would complement one another in order to best influence a child's development. The process of socialization is explained theories. However, the implementing a plan for a four year old child life does not remove or eliminate risks to the development of children. Some experience as be over power due to lack of development in decision making skills and cognitive behaviors. Some results of poor adaptations are temperamental issue, learning issues, antisocial behaviors, and deviant behaviors. According the Perry M.D. Ph.D. (2017) writes, “When these systems develop normally, we are able to deal with complex and challenging situations with age-appropriate solutions. When a child's capacity for self-regulation does not develop normally, he will be at risk for many problems-from persistent tantrums to impulsive behaviors to difficulty regulating sleep and diet. What helps the stress-response systems develop in an optimal way is repetitive exposure to

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