Four Concepts Of Ideology

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1. The four ideology functions are limitation, normalization, privileging, and interpellation. Our book states that Ideology “limits the range of acceptable ideas that a person may consider” which is like a group of people that believe what they believe and their regular interpretations of something or someone is biased or one-sided. When looking at normalization, this is a big one, because this is saying that when it comes to ideology many people will begin to normalize certain aspects of ideology. “The social roles that we occupy throughout our lifetime, like child, student, or employee place us in relationships of unequal power and as a result of ideological value hierarchies”(139). This though is considered norm just like a student is
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The difference between scopophilia, voyeurism, and fetishism is that scopophilia is the pleasure of looking at someone or something. Voyeurism is the pleasure of watching a person or thing from a distance and fetishism is the psychic structuring of a person or thing that brings a person sexual pleasure. They all differ from the concept of fantasy because fantasy is a mental thing that can bring fulfillment. Fantasy also has three parts to it, the first is desire which creates a person’s fantasy, scene which states that fantasy is not a desire on its own but more like a mental structure that has the achievement of desire. Then lastly there is Deferral which is pleasure that comes from not what we choose or want but from the person who pursues …show more content…
Freud and Lacan provide us insight into doing media studies from a psychoanalytic approach by how we view certain things. In our text, “psychoanalysis is an attempt to understand how very specific drives impact our cognitive behavior”. Which means that we are trying to understand how the mind works and how it operates. Freud’s theory of human mental development begins with the notion that “humans are born polymorphously perverse, or with the ability to experience sexual pleasure in many different ways”. For a example many people do not really understand why they are fascinated or find a certain object gratifying and this is because you have encountered it before in you developmental stages of life. Like a particular object in the developmental stages of a child would be its mother. Lacan has a different approach which states that “All drives, including the sexual, are essentially death drive, in the sense that there is something about all drives that compel the individual beyond permanent connections to any real objects” (167). For example, a baby needs to drink milk for hunger. The mother is essential in this process because she gives the baby the milk as well as talks to the baby every step of the way which makes the mother an “object” that we become familiar with while we are young and grow up to either like or dislike the object. These are helpful because they because help us understand why we should look at the world in a psychoanalytic way in order to understand

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