The Four Functions of Management Essay

738 Words Sep 19th, 2013 3 Pages
The Four Functions of Management



Westwood College – South Bay Campus
Torrance, CA

June 15, 2013


Principles of Management
15 June 2013
The Four Functions of Management
Management in business is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives. By using available resources efficiently and effectively. The major functions that a manager completes can be categorized into four different functions known as planning, organizing, leading, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources, financial resources, technological resources, and natural
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Planning is an ongoing step and can be highly specialized based on organizational goals, division goals, departmental goals, and team goals. It is up to the manager to recognize which goals need to be planned within his or her individual area.
The second of the managerial functions is organizing. This includes organizing people and resources. Managers organize by bringing together physical, human and financial resources to achieve objectives. They identify activities to be accomplished, classify activities, assign activities to groups or individuals, create responsibility and delegate authority. They then coordinate the relationships of responsibility and authority. Knowing how many employees are needed for particular shifts can be critical to the success of a company.
The third function of management is leading. Leading requires managers to motivate employees to achieve business objectives and goals. This goes beyond simply managing tasks; rather, it involves communicating, motivating, inspiring, and encouraging employees towards a higher level of productivity. It requires the use of authority to achieve those ends as well as the ability to communicate effectively. Managing and leading are not the same activity. A manager manages employees; this person makes sure that tasks are completed on time and policies are followed. Employees typically follow managers because he or she is the supervisor and in-charge. An employee will voluntarily follow

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