The Founding Of The Constitution Essay

1264 Words Sep 16th, 2015 null Page
The Founders of the Constitution had in mind the creation of a powerful central government, but faced the quandary of reconciling economic inequality with political freedom, all while protecting private property. James Madison and his colleagues feared factions, both minority and majority. In order to prevent tyranny of the majority, and to convince the American people to support the Constitution, Madison proposed four ways to restrict and check the power of the Constitution through a federal system, which has worked well to limit and form the powers of the national government.

Federalism is a way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government share formal authority over the same area and people (Edwards, page 70). To prevent the possibility of tyranny of the majority, the Madisonian Model proposed to place as much of the government as possible beyond the direct control of the majority, to separate the powers of different institutions, to construct a system of checks and balances, and to guarantee individual liberties through the Bill of Rights (Edwards, pages 47 & 52). The Madisonian Model would limit majority control by keeping most of the government beyond their power. This plan limited voters’ electoral influence by placing only the House of Representatives within direct control of the majority. So even if the majority had control of the House of Representatives they still would not be able to enact policies without the agreement of the Senate…

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