The Foundation Of The Early Juvenile Justice System Essay

1422 Words Apr 26th, 2016 null Page
In the early 1600s, the development of the philosophy, parens patriae started the foundation of the early juvenile justice system. Under this approach, it was believed that juvenile criminal behavior was viewed as a sign of a lack of parental care and control (Ramirez, 2008). This concept was operated in chancery court that referred to the king’s role as the ‘father of the country’ and granted the power of the state to act on behalf of the child and assure protection as would a parent (Gulledge, 2015). During this time and for many decades, children were treated as if they were adults. They were pushed into the workforce, which limited their education, and wrongfully punished. Age was the only consideration when determining the appropriate punishment. Juvenile delinquents were processed through the adult justice system and were also eligible for the same punishment as adult offenders, which included the death penalty (Ramirez, 2008). As people began to realize that their children were too young to endure such a harsh workforce, reformers gathered and enforced that there needed to be a change. These reformers were interested in what was best for the children and imposed new limitations. During 1899, in Cook County, Illinois, the first juvenile court system was established and based on the principle of parens patriae. The court system served to treat, rehabilitate, and implement limitations on disposition (Gulledge, 2015). These principles were the core of the creation of the…

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