Civil War: The First Battle Of Bull Run

Good Essays
The First Battle of Bull Run was not only a prelude to the way the Civil War would unfold but it highlighted the importance of intelligence and sound judgment. Bull Run, also known as the First Manassas, was the deadliest ground battle the United States had seen in any war up to that point (McDonald, 1999). The battle came after eleven southern states seceded from the union and pushed out union troops from Fort Sumter, South Carolina. The key mistakes made by the Federalist, Union Army, led to a devastating loss and allowed the Confederates to extend the war for another four years. By looking into the intelligence, or lack thereof, we can redirect the Union Army and by sheer numbers and power show how the battle could have been turned. Once the Union Army overpowered the Confederates, the Union could have marched straight to Richmond, the Confederate capital, and closed out the war within months instead of years. …show more content…
This started a chain reaction that saw six southern states secede from the Union including; South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. Although President Elect Lincoln promised not to push reform onto the southern states that would interfere with their economic progress, to include the abolishment of slavery, the states determined it necessary for their own benefit to leave the Union. The Confederates voted to build their capital in Montgomery, Alabama and elected Jefferson Davis as their new President. This new “Country” would allow the states to control themselves rather than have a central government that controlled the states. (Davis,

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Lee enabled the North to stampede through the South and pin his army in the ten month fight and run battle that pursued. Robert E. Lee began his defense of the South in an indecisive Battle of the Wilderness (Korda 670). Although technically a Confederate victory Lee played right into Ulysses S. Grant’s hand allowing Grant to put his Virginia Plan into effect. Grant was now able to follow Lee’s army wherever he went and with his men outnumbered he could not avoid the Union Army (Korda 678). Lee should have waited to attack Grant in a battle where he knew he could win.…

    • 1374 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Civil War ultimately began not long after the election of the new president, Abraham Lincoln, in November of 1860. The slave states detested Lincoln because he, as a Republican Party leader, opposed the spread of slavery to the territories of the United States that were undecided. Within a short period of time, the slave states began to secede from the Union; South Carolina was first and six others followed. These states then formed their own government in February of 1861, and became the Confederate states. On April 12th, 1861, the Confederate states ultimately began the Civil War when they fired upon Fort Sumter, South Carolina.…

    • 1107 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    War Turning Point

    • 1407 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Leading into this battle, the North's victories at Big Black Bridge and Champion Hill had greatly weakened the Confederate army. This battle strengthened the Union's power over the Confederacy, gave the Union the MS River, cut the Confederacy in half, and further progressed the North with the western theater. This battle was the last major military action of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War, and it resulted in decisive Union victory (Civil War…

    • 1407 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    they formed the Confederate army, while the North formed The Union army. The Confederates were continuously threatening Fort Sumter in South Carolina, which was a Union fort, until April 12, 1861 when the Confederates fired the first shots of the war. They blasted the fort with artillery for less than two days until Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort. After the victory four more states joined the Confederacy, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina,Tennessee, and Texas. The Confederates were led by Robert E. Lee who absolutely loved war “It is well war is so terrible–we would grow too fond of it.” (from Robert E. Lee on history.com) The Union army was led by President Abraham Lincoln who was a superior political and war leader and Ulysses S. Grant who was appointed major general after he took over the Mississippi Valley "No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted."…

    • 1086 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    When the war ended president Lincoln feared that slavery will go back as it used to be and the people will consider the emancipation as a war measure and they will not support it any more. In order to protect the African American, President Lincoln initiates the 13th amendment act and passes a bill that ensure the apolish of slavery in the united…

    • 843 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The final event of the battle was that confederate reinforcements showed up and were able to break the Union’s right flank, giving them the advantage that they needed to win the battle. The battle was one of the most important of the Civil War and if the outcome had been any different, the war might not have even lasted any longer. If the Union were to have won the battle, it would have opened a path to Richmond and the Union could have ended the war right then and there. The Battle of Bull Run was important to the Civil War in every way…

    • 986 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    To the South it was debilitating and draining like a leech sucking the land dry of economic hardships. The debate on the Civil War 's outcome will always be full of “what ifs?” and so on any comprise to be reached. “In less than two years, Lee handed his sword to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox. The day after he surrendered, the Confederate general offered this explanation: “After four years of arduous service marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources.” (P. 284…

    • 763 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Lincoln used whatever methods were available to him in order to achieve his goal. If his soldiers had run out of guns, they would have turned to the use of swords. In the same manner, when fighting to bring rebel states back to the Union failed, Lincoln was forced to find a new method that would bring the states back. The rebel states were given one hundred days to either choose to come back to the Union, or else the slaves would be proclaimed free.11 By doing so, Lincoln ultimately issued a massive economic crash for rebel states, as without the slaves, there was no economy. Without an economy, the South would be incapable of fighting the war.…

    • 1047 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The United States thought that the Southern States were wrong to leave the Union, so they started a war that stretched across the country for several years. In 1865, the United States fought the Confederate States and won. This put an end to slavery in the whole entire nation.The North and South fought in the Civil War to end sectionalism. Sectionalism was a big lead to the Civil War in the United States. It occurred because of…

    • 281 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The battle was a much needed morale boost for the Union as a whole and ultimately served as the defeat of Tennessee and the establishment of a major supply hub. The Union Army built the largest fortress of the war in Murfreesboro following the battle to secure the rail line. From there they stayed encamped until the summer of 1863 while rebuilding their force. The Confederates moved south to Tullahoma, TN and continued to be defeated and eventually pushed out of Tennessee. This allowed for the follow on push into the Deep South, to include General Sherman 's March through Georgia.…

    • 2331 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays