The Fallacy Of Meritocracy By Lyndon B. Johnson And Harry S. Truman

1188 Words May 3rd, 2016 null Page
The fallacy of meritocracy holds no true weight when considering years of gatekeeping, social inequalities and discriminatory practices perpetrated against poor young African Americans. There can never be a colorblind society if biased SAT’s, affirmative action and multicultural competency programs fail to be effective on university campuses across the nation. The notion of diversity is only an idea in theory, never to be fully instituted or absorbed into the social fabric of American culture. Martin Luther King Jr., Lyndon B. Johnson and Harry S. Truman were all aware of this dilemma.
The origins of affirmative action stems from sociopolitical disputes and institutional reforms in the U.S. during the 1940s, 1950s and1960s (Sugrue, 1998). Affirmative action is a significant result of the civil rights legislation enacted in the 1960s, but the term affirmative action has been traced to Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s presidency (Vasquez & Jones, 2006). Back in 1941, Roosevelt enacted the first initiative (Executive Order 8802) to combat racial discrimination by government departments and defense contractors and their hiring practices. Established under Execute Order 8022, the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) served to probe issues of racial discrimination yet failed to uphold the law because of weak enforcement (DuRivage, 1985). However, civil activist frequently used it as an instrument to combat job discrimination.
Gilbert and Heller (2013) note in their research (2011)…

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