The Fallacy Of Meritocracy By Lyndon B. Johnson And Harry S. Truman
1188 Words May 3rd, 2016 null Page
The origins of affirmative action stems from sociopolitical disputes and institutional reforms in the U.S. during the 1940s, 1950s and1960s (Sugrue, 1998). Afﬁrmative action is a signiﬁcant result of the civil rights legislation enacted in the 1960s, but the term afﬁrmative action has been traced to Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s presidency (Vasquez & Jones, 2006). Back in 1941, Roosevelt enacted the first initiative (Executive Order 8802) to combat racial discrimination by government departments and defense contractors and their hiring practices. Established under Execute Order 8022, the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) served to probe issues of racial discrimination yet failed to uphold the law because of weak enforcement (DuRivage, 1985). However, civil activist frequently used it as an instrument to combat job discrimination.
Gilbert and Heller (2013) note in their research (2011)…