The Failure Of The Congo From 1960 To 1964

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weapons. In return, the US threatened the Soviet Union. When the Security Council tried to protest and stop the invasion, Britain and France simply used their veto power. However, when the General Assembly met, they forced the removal of the British and French troops from the area. Lester Pearson of Canada came up with an idea that United Nations emergency force be sent into the Canal. The force would consist of troops from countries who were not involved in the conflict. The force was called the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF). When the peacekeepers were asked to leave later that year, war began. Two months later, the Security Council drew up a ceasefire agreement. The ceasefire prevented a full-scale war and halted the involvement …show more content…
The events in the Congo from 1960 to 1964 are a great example of this. Thirty-four countries took part with most of the major countries also participating. It was the biggest force the UN had ever seen, with almost 20, 000 people involved. The problem began in 1960, when the Congo gained independence from Belgium. However, the Congo and its people were highly unprepared to deal with this newfound freedom. When the Congolese armies began to attack cities and Europeans, the Belgium army was landed to bring peace. This posed as a problem because the Congo was now independent and had not approved the Belgian army. Then, the leader (Moise Tshombe) of the Katanga region declared itself independent from the rest of the Congo. This posed as a problem for the Congo itself because the Katanga region provided the country with many natural resources. Without the Katanga region, the Congo would be unable to become a rich, thriving nation. When the Prime Minister of the Congo, Patrice Lumumba asked the United Nations for help, it agreed. The 10 000 peacekeeping forces that were sent into the Congo had four objectives, “Restore law and order and maintain it. Stop other nations from getting involved in the crisis. Assist in building the nations economy. Restore political stability.” The peacekeepers that were stationed in the …show more content…
The Rwandan crisis clearly outlined the UN’s ability to act during a crisis and stop it. General Dallaire describes the experience: “[We] watched as the devil took control of paradise on earth and fed on the blood of the people we were supposed to protect.” The United Nations member nations were reluctant to send more troops despite Dallaire’s pleas and it took six months for the UN to actually agree to send more troops. The role of the peacekeepers also prevented proper action from being taken. The forces stationed in Rwanda were very restricted in what they could and could not do. They were lightly armed and could only use their weapons in cases of self-defence. The only real affect they had was providing aid and support to a small number of people. Overall, the UN did very little in recognizing the situation in Rwanda. Ultimately, they failed the people of Rwanda and failed to meet their four main

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