New Deal Dbq Analysis

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During the late 1920s to the late 1930s, the United States was impacted by the Great Depression, in which the US economy reduced the amount of job opportunities and increased the amount of poverty in the nation. The Great Depression was an economic depression that affected the US economy severely during the 1930s. The Stock Market Crash of 1929, Overproduction in farms and factories, Conflicts with the international economy and the Inequality of income in the US were all key parts that caused the Great Depression. The Depression took place at the end of Herbert Hoover’s presidency and carried into Franklin D. Roosevelt’s presidency. FDR stepped into office with several problems that affected everyone in the nation. One of which included Unemployment. …show more content…
FDR’s administration had to immediately solve the nationwide crisis of unemployment and instability in order to improve the US economy. In fact, the newly elected president, FDR, requested Congress to help aid his relief program, in which his first proposal of relief was to enroll workers in the Federal gov’t as part of his direct attack on unemployment (Doc F). FDR was handed a plethora of problems from Hoover, one of which was unemployment, that needed to be solved in order for balance in society; as a result, FDR had no choice but to directly approach congress in order to reveal his plan of action to address the unemployment problem. Moreover, FDR won his election because of his promise to address “the forgotten man at the bottom of the economic pyramid” by creating more opportunities to work through the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Workers Progress Administration (Doc. A). The purpose of the document was to introduce two legislations that provide the promise FDR addressed in his campaign that many unemployed people adhered to during the depression. The CCC was the first national relief program that provided jobs to people who were to create new infrastructure, including: bridges, …show more content…
For example, FDR appeals to the public in his fireside chat by telling them to fill unemployment cards in order to identify a particular region of severe unemployment and to find a suitable industry for job-less people (Doc. D). The audience of FDR’s fireside chat is the people of the US, especially the unemployed who are concerned to find a job and need a permanent cure to the depression. FDR was also urged by his wife, Eleanor, to create programs that helped increase employment for the youth (Doc E). Consequently, the National Youth Administration was created to help provide funds for education and job-training as well as provide education fund for many African Americans under the leadership of Mary Bethune (Doc E). Also, FDR’s administration was able to pass the Federal Emergency Relief Act or FERA, led by Henry Hopkins, which provided $3.1 billion in aid to the State governments and employed about 20 million people (Doc G). The purpose of this act was to create an administration that increased employment and to reflect the beliefs of FDR by incorporating the government in an important role to quickly decrease unemployment and reduce economic tensions during the Depression. In continuation, FDR’s New Deal was able to create the Public Works Administration in 1933, led by Harold Ickes, which was

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