The Explanations Of Morals ( Kant, Mill, Aristotle And Held Essay
Morals (mor – als)
1. a lesson, especially one concerning what is right or prudent, that can be derived from a story, a piece of information or an experience.
2. a person’s standards of behavior or beliefs concerning what is and is not acceptable for them to do.
This essay intends point out the relevant aspects of moral theologians, Kant, Mill, Aristotle and Held and to answer the question of the best suited approach in resolving ethical problems and dilemmas.
I have found that Kant’s theory is the most complicated and confusing of the four. It was only made somewhat clear by the explanation in O’Neill’s reading. Kant’s moral theory was based on motivation. Kant believed that the highest good was good will. Good will is shown and achieved by our actions but it also looks at what our motives are behind our actions. Kant thought that reason can explain the idea of morality. In other words, they cannot be found by scientific methods without exception. Kant also argued that happiness and pleasure are not essentially good. Kant proposed that we have the option to choose and that there was no value of pleasure and that the moral rule is universal and absolute. It had to be universally accepted by everyone. He proposed two imperatives, I believe that these are commands; the first is the categorical imperative, meaning that the supreme imperative of reason that directs the will absolutely or…