The Evolution of Management Thought Essay
DANIEL A. WREN
The University of Oklahoma
JOHN WILEY AND SONS
New York • Chichester • Brisbane • Toronto
EARLY MANAGEMENT THOUGHT
A PROLOGUE TO THE PAST
A Cultural Framework: The Economic Facet.
The Social Facet. The Political Facet. P eople,
Management, and Organizations: The Human
Being. Organizations and Management.
Management in Early Civilizations: The Near
East. The Far East. Egypt. The Hebrews. Greece.
Rome. The Catholic Church. Feudalism and the
Middle Ages. The Revival of Commerce. T he
Cultural Rebirth: The Protestant Ethic. A Criticism of the Weberian Thesis. Modern Support
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The Political Environment: From Adam Smith to the Twentieth Century.
THE SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT ERA
THE ADVENT OF
Frederick Winslow Taylor: The Early Years:
Taylor at Midvale. The Search for Science in
Management. The Quest for New Incentives.
The First Class Man. The Task Management System. Onward and Upward. Taylor at Bethlehem.
Taylor: The Peripatetic Philosopher: The Eastern Rate Case. Watertown and the Congressional
Investigation. The Mental Revolution. Taylor and the Human Factor.
SPREADING THE GOSPEL
The Most Orthodox: Carl Barth. The Most Unorthodox: H. L. Gantt: The Task and Bonus
System. The "Habits of Industry' Graphic Aids to Management. Gantt: The Later Years. Partners for Life: The Gilbreths: Systematizing the
Construction Industry. Extending Motion and
Fatigue Study. Support for the Scientific Management Movement. The Psychology of Management. Efficiency Through Organization:
Harrington Emerson: Line and Staff Organization. Principles of Efficiency. The Gospel in
Non-Industrial Organizations: Morris
IN EUROPE AND AMERICA
Scientific Management Goes Abroad:
Taylorism and Fayolism. The International Scientific Management Movement. Formalizing the Study of Management: Education for Industrial