The Evidence Based Practice Proposal: Type 1 Diabetes

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Introduction
The topic for the Evidence Based Practice Proposal is Type 1 Diabetes. I want to know what interventions can be provided such as education that will encourage patients with this disease to maintain better control of blood glucose levels. A hemoglobin A1c level is an indicator of how well controlled the patients’ blood sugar levels are, and how well they manage their diabetes over the course of three to four months. The hemoglobin A1c test is checked by having blood drawn or by using a machine and finger prick (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2015). Most Type 1 diabetics are on an intensive daily insulin regimen through insulin injections or insulin pump therapy that requires constant thought and attention. These patients are also required to
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The insulin producing beta cells located in the Islets of Langerhans, are attacked and killed off by the body’s immune system. Although the cause of this disease is still not completely understood, scientists believe that environmental and genetic factors could be to blame (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2015). Unlike Type 2 Diabetes, the onset of Type 1 Diabetes has nothing to do with lifestyle or diet habits. To date, there is no evidence that shows any way to prevent this disease from occurring and there is currently no cure. Type 1 Diabetes affects adults and children and usually comes on suddenly. Some warning signs of Type 1 Diabetes are extreme thirst and hunger, frequent urination, fatigue, and sudden weight loss (Mayo Clinic Staff, …show more content…
There may not be a cure yet, but with the resources and knowledge we have, there can be positive interventions made to give Type 1 Diabetics the same chance to lead long, healthy lives just as those without the disease can. In the Meta-Analysis of Health Behavior Change Interventions in Type 1 Diabetes study it states, “Behavior change interventions improve metabolic control in type 1 diabetes” (Conn, 2008, p. 315). If simple behavior changes make large impacts on maintaining better glucose control, just think of the possibilities for providing health intervention strategies to promote these healthy behaviors. This study also states, “When people with diabetes follow dietary and exercise guidelines in addition to taking prescribed medications, they are much more likely to achieve metabolic control as documented by blood glucose concentrations” (Conn, 2008, p. 315). This shows that educational programs need to be provided to this population in order to implement change and

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