Essay on The European Union ( Eu )

2219 Words Nov 13th, 2016 9 Pages
The European Union (EU) is a political-economic union of 28 member nation states which while retaining their independence have agreed to operate according to common policies framed by the Union pertaining to trade, regional development, agriculture, security etc. These laws and policies aims to create a single integrated market and ensure free movement of people, goods, capital and services within the market. 26 of the member states of the EU have also agreed to create the Schengen Area by the Schengen Agreement of 1985, whereby these countries abolished all border control and passport system in order to function as a single country for travel and trade purposes. The countries which are not a part of this are Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Romania, Britain and Ireland. This right to free movement within the Schengen area however extends only to the citizens of the EU nations-states. This privilege doesn’t extend to the immigrants living in the EU countries. Immigrants who are allowed entry from the border of one nation are not free to cross over to other nations. This issue of immigrants being denied free movement unlike the EU citizens becomes important both in context of economic migrants and political refugees and asylum seekers as it becomes a major hurdle in their path of rehabilitation and employment opportunities
The EU charter on fundamental rights which is legally binding on the EU member states since the coming to force of the Treaty of Lisbon, 2009, clearly mandates…

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