The Ethnic Minority Of Ghana Essay

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Ghana is an unusual country to utilize local transitional justice in, to undermining systemic inequality. The Akan are the ethnic majority in Ghana accounting for 31-45% of the population, depending on reports. However they are not a uniform group, containing major sub-divisions based on linguistic divides of the Kwa language. The Asante and Fante are the most prominent sub-divisions of the Akan people. Idiosyncratically, this fragmented ethnic majority has allowed the concept of the oppressed group to shift through the various political regimes: as Rawlings favored the Akan, so too did Busia favour the northerners who propelled him into power. The lack of a clear majority in Ghana allowed for different ethnicities and regions of Ghana to hold institutional predominance over different periods. Consequently, without any clear majority, and a constant juggling of political power between ethnicities, most ethnicities in Ghana have at times faced some sort of favoritism and form of repression.
The National Reconciliation Council (NRC), was the truth commission set up in Ghana in 2002. The NRC was focused “to seek and promote national reconciliation among the people of this country,” and in doing so allowed for the legitimization and recognition of diverse realities in Ghana. However, the scope of the NRC was limited to finding an objective reality behind past regime abuses, and it failed to address the underlying inequalities these regimes also propagated. The NRC noted that…

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