The Ethics Of Human Beings Essay

1161 Words Feb 26th, 2016 null Page
Over the past few decades, the field of molecular genetics has had a tremendous development in terms of new technologies that have allowed scientists to explore and engineer changes in the genomes of many organisms. One of the ongoing topic is cloning. The process of cloning has been explored for decades; however, records can be traced back to 1930s when Hans Spemann submitted his research on embryotic induction and then after about 30 years John Gurdon cloned Xenopus, a frog, from differentiated adult cells [1]. Cloning is an essential topic to continue to explore based on the first experiment of successful cloning and the astounding benefits that can occur; however some may argue the ethics of cloning human beings in terms of the rights and safety.
The word “cloning” probably creates an image of a science fiction movie where an evil scientist is creating a clone to take over the world. However, clones are organisms that are genetically identical; cloning is the process used to create an exact genetic replica of another organism [1]. There are three different ways to clone an organism in a lab: gene cloning, reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning. Gene cloning is used to create multiple copies of a gene by choosing the fragments of DNA that is needed and then cut off using restriction enzymes, enzymes that cuts DNA molecules at a particular place. After that, scientists attach the targeted gene to the plasmid, a small DNA molecule. The vector is then put into a host…

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