Essay The Ethical Theory Of Ethical Relativism

2706 Words May 4th, 2015 11 Pages
Essay #1 In the beginning of the semester, we were given the basic requirements for any good ethical theory. In this essay, I will discuss how well utilitarianism measures up against the 14 requirements. Utilitarianism is an action is morally right if it creates the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people. The first requirement is utilitarianism must be capable of justifying the three major assumptions
1. There is an answer to the free will/determinism debate
2. The thesis of ethical relativism is false
3. The thesis of psychological egoism is either false or trivial
Utilitarianism can justify the last two of the major assumptions. Ethical relativism is a theory that states an action is only right or wrong relative to a specific culture. Utilitarianism focuses on maximizing utility everywhere and does not relate to a specific culture. Also, physiological egoism is false with respects to utilitarianism because if self-interest is involved, utility will not be maximized. The second requirement is utilitarianism must be in-line with common sense morality or be able to explain inconsistencies with it. Utilitarianism is not in-line with common sense morality. Because an action is considered moral if creates the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people does not mean it could be the best action that is in-line with common sense morality. The third requirement is utilitarianism must be compatible with modern science.…

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