The Ethical Responsibilities Of The World Hunger Essay

1702 Words Nov 3rd, 2016 7 Pages
The question of our responsibility to alleviate world hunger is one that has been approached from several ethical directions. The philosophies range from strict utilitarian Peter Singers General Principle, which demands full marginality, to philosophies that argue the individual has no responsibility to aid in relief at all, in fact, an obligation not to, as Garret Hardin holds. Hardin goes as far as to endorse population control in his theories, strongly invoking Darwinism – survival of the fittest. Hardin’s position would hardly be a compelling argument against Singer’s principle as it offers no option but to do nothing at all. Fair cases against Singer can be made through more relaxed theories. Philosopher, John Arthur, offers just such an assertion, a theory that seems natural in practice. Examining the ethical responsibilities of aiding those in need, what are we required to do to help? Here we look at the views of the two above mentioned, qualified, philosophers. I present the rigidity of Singer and counter with the elasticity of Arthur. I make an assertion and then submit example of an alternative premise. I first align myself with Arthur closely, but imposing a minimalistic duty. Second, I step out further and look little more closely at ‘who’ is more responsible for giving aid and ‘why.’
We begin with Peter Singer’s 1972 article, Famine, Affluence, and Morality. Singer’s views, his arguments being the most rigid, stand as a marker from which the strictness or…

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