The Epidemic Of Measles Outbreak Essay
Measles is a virus spread by sneezing and coughing droplets which are micro in size. The virus is highly contagious. It is estimated that contact with an infected individual will result in 90% becoming infected if unvaccinated. The virus is still present for up to two hours in the air or on surfaces after the occurrence. Individuals who are affected by the disease are primarily unvaccinated or have not had the required doses. The vaccine became available in 1963. Measles in the United States, since 2000, has been considered eliminated since there were not any active cases for more than twelve months. The same is not true for international countries where measles is considered endemic(Center for Disease Control [CDC], Measles, 2015). A.Measles Outbreak
A1. Outbreak Analysis
The measles outbreak that occurred at Disneyland in California started during the period of December 17-20, 2014. Cases were reported, to the California Department of Health, starting on January 5, 2015 (CDC, Measles Outbreak, 2015). Exposure originated at the theme park.
Symptoms usually appear approximately seven to fourteen 14 days after exposure. However the incubation period can range from seven to twenty-one days.The first to appear are high fever, cough, runny nose, and conjunctivitis. Two to three days after the symptoms start, Koplick spots appear. Three to five days after symptoms appear, a rash develops starting on the face and working down the body. Measles can be spread from…