The Environmental Impact Of Genetically Modified Organisms

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The World Health Organization, also known as WHO, defines GMOs as “organisms whose DNA has been altered in a non-natural way. GM plants are usually changed to be insect resistant, virus resistant, or herbicide tolerant” (“The Environmental Impact of GMOs”). Some scientists consider GMOs helpful while others consider them harmful. Almost 70% of the foods in our supermarkets contain ingredients that are genetically modified (“WHAT IS A GMO – GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISM”). Most people in this time period don’t even know where the food that they’re eating comes from. For example, “The three main GM crops cultivated in the U.S. are corn, soybeans, and cotton. Most sugar is made from GM sugar beets” (“WHAT IS A GMO – GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISM”). …show more content…
Scientists across the globe are testing the foods and trying to determine the risks. GMOs should not be able to be grown because they harm the environment, they cause health issues, and create viruses that will be difficult to kill in the future.

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) should not be used because they harm the environment. According to Andrea Donsky, “GMO crops and their companion pesticides and herbicides wreak havoc on the environment including polluting air, water and soil. Glyphosate—marketed by Monsanto as the herbicide Roundup—is in effect, an antibiotic, which can destroy soil quality and thus impair the plant 's nutritional value as well. Cross-pollination between GMO and non-GMO crops is common as well, and can destroy natural plant varieties in the wild.” Genetically Modified Organisms can cause pollution. Also Roundup, which is used on GMOs, can harm the soil quality. If GMOs are cross- pollinated with non-GMOs, then plants may be harmed. An article titled “10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs” states, “GM crops and their associated herbicides can harm birds, insects, amphibians, marine ecosystems, and soil organisms. They reduce bio-diversity, pollute water resources, and are unsustainable. For example, GM crops are
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Those in favor of Genetically Modified Organisms state that they require less soil to be tilled, reduce runoff, and keep the soil in place. This may be true but the chemicals used on GMOs including Roundup can destroy soil quality and hurt the plant’s nutritional value (Donsky). Once Roundup is in the plant, it cannot come out. Other experts in favor of GMOs say that GMOs create plants better resistant to weeds, pest and other diseases. GMOs do in fact do this but they also create organisms that we have not found out yet how to kill. These organisms are filled with herbicides. We may try to kill these organisms by spraying more chemicals on them. But this will only make them stronger. Therefore, they will only grow in population. Others in favor of GMOs state that they will help the human population grow and prosper because farmers will be able to grow more food. Therefore, prices will go down. However, GM foods and the chemicals used on them cause health issues including cancer (“10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs”). Furthermore, GMOs kill more people than they help. Overall, the negatives of GMOs outweigh the positives and therefore, they should be eliminated from our

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