The Environmental Challenges Of The Automobile Industry

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In 1903, Henry Ford established the first automobile company in the United States, the Ford Motor Company, and five years later the company rolled out the first Model T. Today, according to Select.USA.gov the U.S. has one of the largest automotive markets in the world and is home to 13 auto makers. An average of 8 million passenger vehicles were produced annually from 2008 to 2012 (selectusa.commerce.gov)”. Automobile usage is increasing in the USA exponentially. According to LA Times (2014) there are 253 million cars and trucks on the road.
“In many ways, the automobile epitomizes the environmental challenge of today. It is a large consumer of a critical and limited fossil energy re- source; in many countries it is the largest contributor to man-made greenhouse gas emissions and brings large amounts of lead into contact with people; it is the prime cause of urban smog; it is noisy and contrib- utes to congested cities; and its manufacture
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Among the most troubling externalities of the automotive industry is the release of corrosive pollutants into the earth 's soil and water.
The EPA did a study in northwest region 10 stating that brake debris and tire particles are pollutants that need to be addressed as it leads to the formation of black carbon that leaches into the soil. Also the brake and tire debris impacts the design and use of the automobile. The bigger vehicle would lead to larger brake debris and tire particles since it would require greater amounts of resistance.
In the manufacturing process, painting and coating discharges nickel, copper and hexavalent chromium as industrial water waste into streams. These processes are the biggest culprits of environmental pollutants. Improve advancements in paint and coat chemistry would decrease the negative

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