Essay on The Enlightenment and Religion

1246 Words Jul 1st, 2012 5 Pages
The 18th century is often referred to as the Age of Reason or the Age of Enlightenment. This is because the Enlightenment is a period of history in which there were dramatic revolutions in science, philosophy, society, and politics. These revolutions were to get rid of the medieval world-view and to “enlighten” society to become modern. Though the Enlightenment can be seen as an age against religion in general, it is more against features of religion, such as superstition, enthusiasm, fanaticism and supernaturalism. Most Enlightenment thinkers do not argue the existence of God (although some are atheists) but they are against the traditional views of religion that reject science and progress. Also, in the Enlightenment, the authority of …show more content…
Voltaire, perhaps one of the Church’s greatest Enlightenment critics did not believe in the Bible as the word of God but instead was more or less a deist (Sayre, pg. 816). He was not against “religion” as a whole but instead was against organized religion in society and/or government, which he saw as corrupt like the Catholic Church. In addition to the rise of science and reason, the rise of Protestantism in western Christianity

Related Documents