The Endangered Species Act Of 1973

2052 Words 9 Pages
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 has become the strongest and most important federal law in the protection of imperiled wildlife and plants. It has played a big role as the forerunner of animal rights in the U.S political system outside of domesticated species. It federally prohibits against the “taking” of an endangered species, enabling “protections making it illegal to harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, collect, or attempt to do these things to these animals and plants” (United States 2013) . This is done in hopes to preserve threatened species and their environments. Since the passing of this bill, multiple controversies and debates have arose in conflict about the act’s legitimacy. Regardless of critiques …show more content…
In the cases in which landowner’s livelihoods are dependent on the land they live in, there have been rare circumstances granted in which threatened animals were allowed to be killed or injured for the harming of livestock. While there are cases in which the Endangered Species Act has caused irrefutable harm to people’s livelihoods amendments were made to the bill to counteract such events. The “no surprises policies” assures property owners that, “ Fish and Wildlife Service will not apply additional land use restrictions beyond the habitat conservation plan originally agreed upon between the landowners and the government” (ballpedia). There are many alternatives and paths to the restrictions placed in order for landowners to be accommodated to this bill. To simply kill off animals within the property due to these restrictions is simply an act of unlawful conduct, there is no …show more content…
This has created an enormous underground market generating high prices for these animals .Wildlife crime is a big business and has caused an unprecedented spike in illegal wildlife trade. Parts of animals are often trafficked like illegal drugs or arms. For the Endangered Species Act, it protects even foreign species that are not native to the United States. All species in danger of extinction can be put on the list regardless of their country of origin (Greenspan 2015). While these foreign species cannot be protected by the U.S government, the ESA has some international influence. The act bans the important and sale of all endangered and threatened species in the United States. This is significant because United States is an important market for the illegal trade in wildlife and without ESA barriers, many species around the world would be in further decline (Greenspan 2015).
The Endangered Species Act provides a conceptual leverage through its species listing by brining public awareness and garnering people to take the incentive to protect these organisms, which will in turn pressure other countries to do so as well. There is greater need to educate people about the various possible environmental harms that come with an extinction of a species. The ESA has partnerships for recovery action that are funded and implemented by various partners which

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