The Electoral System Of Canada Essay example

1638 Words 7 Pages
The outcome of an election is sometimes surprising to many people in Canada, as the votes seem to sway in one direction. Many times this is due to the electoral system in place that does not always portray the majority to its best abilities. Electoral systems are essentially, “the means by which votes are translated into seats in the process of electing politicians into office” (Farrell 2001). Canada has been subscribed to the Single-Member Plurality, otherwise known as First-Past-The-Post. Many have been in an uproar over this, as it does not effectively reflect the majority of voters. Recently, Justin Trudeau used the reform of electoral system as a major platform idea that inspired many who voted for him. (Liberal 2016) While SMP seems to be problematic, others have pointed out the major benefits of proportional representation as it takes into account every vote. Thus, Single Member Plurality has many flaws as it does not represent the entire country and creates wasted votes while an alternative like Proportional Representation takes an efficient approach.
The Canada Elections Act states that one must have a Canadian citizenship and be 18 years of age or older on Election Day to vote. This creates a high number of eligible voters due to its flexibility. (Fisher 1973) In other parts of the world, the electoral system is more restrictive and causes discussion amongst its democratic values. In terms of how many seats a party is granted, it is due to the number of votes in…

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