The Eight Stages Of Erikson's Psychosocial Development

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Erik Erikson’s psychoanalytic theory:
Erikson’s psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development has eight stages from infancy to adulthood. According to him personality develops in a predetermined order, and builds upon each stage. During each stage, the child experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome on personality development, the third psychosocial crisis occurs during three to six years of age and he calls it as play age. He concentrated more on children socialization and its effect on their sense of self. He believed that successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and failure to successfully complete a stage can result in a reduced ability to complete further stages and
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In this observed example, the boy Ritesh wanted to do a work like his mother and initiated the activity by asking to his mother to feed his baby sister by himself, when the opportunity was given to him, he felt pride joy and said to me that he was feeding to baby like his mother. His behavior is typical according to Erikson thirds stage. He is falling under Erikson initiative vs guilt stage in …show more content…
Preschooler year of age three to six are called phallic stage. He believed that pleasure from stimulation of the mouth, anus and penis is linked to major developmental stages in children. Biological factors like genes and chromosomes decides gender for the baby. Freud believed that children gender identity occurs at about the age of three when children become aware of anatomical differences between the boy and girl child. He also believed that children’s learns gender identity by physical difference and cultural difference between male and female identification, and parent’s behavior toward the child.
Children’s upbringing and social environments impacts their gender identities, children's interests, preferences, behaviors are influenced by parents. Around three years old, children become conscious of the physical differences between boys and girls, and most children are easily able to label themselves as either a boy or a girl and by age four, and have a strong sense in their gender identity and even they also got the ideas of gender role and behavior. They learn to express their gender identity by clothing, hairstyles, toys the select to play, programs they watch in

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