Erikson's Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay

Erik Erikson’s psychoanalytic theory:
Erikson’s psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development has eight stages from infancy to adulthood. According to him personality develops in a predetermined order, and builds upon each stage. During each stage, the child experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome on personality development, the third psychosocial crisis occurs during three to six years of age and he calls it as play age. He concentrated more on children socialization and its effect on their sense of self. He believed that successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and failure to successfully complete a stage can result in a reduced ability to complete further stages and therefore a more unhealthy personality and sense of self.
Erikson’s third stage in psychoanalytic theory is initiative vs guilt. Initiative means Children begin to plan activities, make up games, and initiate activities with others. If given this opportunity, children develop a sense of self, Initiative, and feel secure in their ability to lead others and make decisions, meanwhile if their opportunity is snatched or
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Preschooler year of age three to six are called phallic stage. He believed that pleasure from stimulation of the mouth, anus and penis is linked to major developmental stages in children. Biological factors like genes and chromosomes decides gender for the baby. Freud believed that children gender identity occurs at about the age of three when children become aware of anatomical differences between the boy and girl child. He also believed that children’s learns gender identity by physical difference and cultural difference between male and female identification, and parent’s behavior toward the

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