The Eight Stages Of Erik Erikson 's Psychosocial Development Essay

790 Words Oct 30th, 2016 4 Pages
The eight stages of Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development identify the developmental pattern a normal individual would experience from birth to death. The first stage is trust versus mistrust. You experience this from birth to the first year of your life. Who the baby could rely on for care, affection, and warmth will develop the baby’s sense of trust. Inadequate care may lead to developmental or personality problems in the near future. This stage is extremely important because it sets the foundation for the remaining seven. The second stage, autonomy versus doubt and shame experienced at ages one to three, gives the baby a sense of independence in the world. Doubt and shame sets in when the child is not encouraged to do things for his or herself. Initiative versus guilt is the third stage of Erikson’s psychosocial development. Curiosity and high energy is normal for preschoolers, the behavior responses coming from parents are important. Depending on parental response, their child would either take initiative for certain activities or develop a sense of guilt. The fourth stage, industry versus inferiority leads to the development or lack of self-confidence. Elementary students gain confidence by successfully meeting demands from their school work. Their successes will slowly build their self-confidence. In the fifth stage, identity versus role confusion, adolescents start to question who they are in this world. They are experiencing many roles in life, trying to figure…

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