Neolithic communities of Upper and Lower Egypt cultivated different kinds of barley, spelt, flax, fruits and vegetables. It is also known that different kinds of animals were domesticated. Both steps were necessary for all later history.
The process of cultural development was always closely linked to the Nile. The civilization emerged around the fluvial valley of the river and the settlements clustered near it, where the arable land was found. In addition, the waterway allowed for