The Efficacy of Tawa-Tawa Plant (Euphorbia Hirta) Treated with Riboflavin in the Development of Blood Platelets

5392 Words Oct 15th, 2011 22 Pages
Chapter I

INTRODUCTION

In modern medicines, plants occupy a very important place as the raw material for some important drugs. Synthetic drugs are effective in controlling different diseases but these synthetic drugs are out of reach of millions of people. It is estimated that around 70,000 plant species have been used for medicinal purposes. The herbs provide the starting material for the synthesis of conventional drugs. (Kumal & Malhotra, 2010) Medicinal plants have curative actions due to the presence of complex chemical constituents.

Today, lots of health problems are escalating. One of these is coagulation problems. A normal platelet count in a healthy individual is between 150,000 and 450,000 per μl (microlitre)
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Knowing that platelets has important function like it prevent excessive internal or external bleeding after an injury in our body (Christensen, 2003), the researchers wanted to find other way to help in the development of human blood platelets.

There’s was a time that Tawa-tawa plant (Euphorbia hirta) is known for its effectiveness as a treatment in Dengue fever. That study was conducted by the high school students. And because of that study, it gives an idea to the researchers to include that in they’re research because of its different uses such as used in sores, wounds and boils, its root used for snake bites, and used to treat hypertension and edema in Africa and Australia.

After getting a lot of research about platelets and Tawa-tawa plant (Euphorbia hirta), the researchers think that they’re topic was not that really complete so they do a research again in internet about other researches and read many books including articles. Then later they found and come up with Riboflavin. The researchers consider using the Riboflavin in their study because of its uses and importance such as it help the body to convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which is "burned" to produce energy, help the body convert vitamin B6 and foliate into active forms. It is also important for body growth and red blood cell production, and works as an antioxidant by scavenging damaging particles in the body known as free radicals.

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