The Effects Of Unipolar Depressive Disorder On Children And Adolescents

1436 Words Dec 3rd, 2016 6 Pages
Depression in Adolescence Unipolar depressive disorder in children and adolescents is a problem across the world that has become very common, but is often not recognized correctly (Thapar, Collishaw, Pine, & Thapar, 2012). Depression in adolescents is associated with a substantial risk of suicide, is the second leading cause of death in this age group and at least half of those who attempted suicide have described symptoms associated with depressive disorders at the time of death (Hawthorn, 2009). Depression in adolescents also leads to multiple other problems throughout the lifespan of teenagers, which includes an increase in the rate of smoking, substance abuse and misuse as well as issues with obesity and weight control (Lewinsohn & Seely, 1988). Those who experience depression as adolescents often struggle with depression through the extent of their life, and experience deeper depression as an adult (Saluja et al., 2004)
Description of Problem Depression is defined as a group of detailed symptoms that are associated with impairment (2012). The features of this diagnosis both clinically and diagnostically are similar in both adults and adolescents, however the DSM-IV does make a crucial exception, where irritability instead of mood is used as a core system for diagnosis (2012). Even so, depression in adolescents is more often than not missed, because of what is often considered to be “normal” changes during this time. Symptoms of irritability, and fluxuation in moods…

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