The Effects Of Trauma On The Child 's Brain Development Essay

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1.) Biological (including neurobiological), psychological, social, and developmental factors that are important for understanding the child’s behavior.
Some of the biological and neurological factors that would be considered in this case are the effects of trauma on the child’s brain development. Applegate& Shapiro (2005) explained, “Thus, while the brain is thought to remain plastic and responsive to new experience throughout life, early childhood experience is particularly salient because the neuronal organization and structure of the brain is still in its formative stages” (p. 15). The child’s brain’s development could have been hindered resulting in a decreased Hippocampus. The child’s reduced hippocampus is unable to effectively regulate cortisol, a stress hormone. Unregulated cortisol levels may be causing the child’s temper tantrums. Traumatic stress can also reduce the size of the child’s corpus callosum. The reduction in size of the corpus callosum may have caused the child to fall behind academically. Corpus callosum is also responsible for learning and memory. The Amygdala area of the brain could have been negatively impacted by the trauma of the abuse resulting in the child agitation and inability to regulate her emotions. The child is displaying psychological effects of the abuse such as behavior problems, throwing things, yelling, talking back and displaying ‘baby like behavior’; can also be attributed to the trauma of abuse. The child’s personality may…

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