The Effects Of The Rangifer Tarandus On The World Of The Tundra

1218 Words Apr 12th, 2016 null Page
The Rangifer Tarandus, better known as caribou or reindeer, is an herbivorous species living in the tundra. Tundras have a vastly cold climate, with limited vegetation. Caribou are similar to deer; however they are much bigger with a shoulder standing height of 2.8-4.9 feet, and females weigh 175 to 225 pounds, while males weigh about 350 to 400 pounds (Caribou). Reindeer were first found in Norway and were only known as Reindeer, once people started realizing how beneficial the Reindeer were they were brought to Alaska, and soon became known as Caribou, to help humans and were used for transportation through the snow, as well as were killed for food.
As previously stated, caribou live in the tundra biome. Furthermore, they can be found living in the arctic tundra and mountain tundra in North America, Greenland, and Russia. Most tundra areas get less than an average of 10 inches of rainfall each year (The Tundra Biome), during the winter months is when they get the most precipitation due to snow and ice. Caribou are able to deal with the snow and ice due to adaptations. Their fur is usually a very dark brown color, during the winter months it turns a light and is extremely coarse brown so they can blend with the snow; their feet are wide and have similarities to human snowshoes, therefore making it much easier for them to walk around and find food in the snow; since Caribou are heterotrophic animals, they have to find their own food rather than make it. Caribou eat a variety…

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