The Effects Of The Industrial Revolution Effects On British Society

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DBQ Essay Part B: The Industrial Revolution Effects

The eighteenth century Industrial Revolution was destructive to the British society, however imperative to its economic gain. The industry became harmful to: those put in labor,-- physically and emotionally-- the environment, and society and culture situations of people. The laborers of the Industrial Revolution worked in factories and in mills. Many of those laborers were children who worked long hours and missed out on schooling. The children and adult labor class moved from agricultural jobs to the textiles as more efficient technologies and techniques developed. The technologies brought to factories and mills came with environmental disturbance and some chaos, such as air pollution, filth,
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William Cooper testified work began at five in the morning and stopped at nine in the night, and they received only one forty minute break in these sixteen hours.(document 1) The aggressive working schedule contributed to physical and emotional damages. The children were strapped or beat, lacked sleep, received little and poor quality meals, exposed to harmful noises, breathed in harsh pollutants, and faced machinery accidents. Joseph Hebergam stated that over a dozen children died within a two year period by factory born illness or incidents.(document 2) Some children developed damaged lungs from dust and chemicals of the factories. Other children developed weak or limp muscles and bones due to overworking and insufficient diet. Death and injury could also result from the common industrial accidents where children could get severe cuts, burns, torn limbs, fractures, and head …show more content…
The quality and quantity of goods being produced becomes a guaranteed convenience to the people. The technological gains in the Industrial Revolution made it more efficient to produce mass goods, decreasing price and increased the availability. The Results of Machinery speaks of each day adding to the comforts of people. Homes were built better, clothes made more affordable, and numerous domestic utensils available. At this time even travel was available, cheaper and faster than ever before.(Document 4) Society and culture accessed comforts that were unimaginable in the centuries before, increasing the need of basic necessities and going beyond created this materialistic society. After this time period, society gained past the comforts they would need and made efforts to obtain luxury beyond basic needs. Society and culture often did not receive the opportunity to carry out their education. William Cooper testified that he and many others had no time to go to a day of school and that he could read and not write because of his factory work taking away the time to learn to do both.(Document 1) Educational background has a large impact on society, those who obtain knowledge will have the power to do more things. The lack of knowledge left them powerless and working in factories for the majority of their

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