The Chernobyl Disaster

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Disasters include a variety of elements, and the extent of time a disaster occurs can range from an hourly disturbance to days or even years of ongoing recovery. Disasters are most commonly classified as either a natural or technological hazard and can impact a relatively small community or even have worldwide effects. In April of 1986, Ukraine experienced one of the world’s largest technological disasters that has since proved to be an ongoing effort to reduce hazards associated with the incident. The nuclear power plant, Chernobyl was undergoing safety testing when one of the reactors was compromised releasing radioactive particles into the atmosphere. The disaster at Chernobyl has since raised many concerns such as what caused the release …show more content…
One action that was taken was using aircraft vehicles to pour sand and boron from debris from the reactor. The intentions of the poured sand was to smother any remaining fires as well as prevent any further release of nuclear material. The boron was used to prevent any further nuclear reaction. After a few weeks passed, the response crew started to construct a concrete unit called a Sarcophagus to cover the damage reactor to prevent further damage. Studies show that
The Soviet authorities started the concrete sarcophagus to cover the destroyed Chernobyl reactor in May 1986 and completed the extremely challenging job six months later. Officials considered the sarcophagus a temporary fix to filter radiation out of the gases from the destroyed reactor before the gas was released to the environment. (United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 2014).
Officials also chopped and buried about a mile of pine forest near the plant in order to prevent further plant contamination. Officials had also shut down the plant and everything within thirty kilometers except for officials that had business at the plant and damage evaluators as well as people using undamaged reactors. Reports verified
…show more content…
The wind played vital role on spreading the Chernobyl. Larger parts of the Ukraine are still receiving seventy five percent of the Chernobyl fallout. Countries around the area started to treat their children with special fluid similar to the iodine pills and also handing out iodine pills. An Increase in cases of thyroid cancer among children and young individuals were reported up to twenty years after the disaster. Some theories included that fetuses in the womb of women exposed to the highest level radiation were at risk for central nervous center damage. Studies have shown that children born after Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs cause children mental retardation. Statistics show out of 100 children, as fetus exposed to 1 Sv (100 R), 40 would become mentally challenge, but with lower exposure the risk decreased. (Lindblom, 2011). The radiation of Chernobyl still lingers in the water, soil, and food. The effects of the radiation on children today has attack the cells and damages tissue a, organs, and bones. It weaken immune system and cause heart disease, thyroid cancer, and genetic disorder, which the rate of pediatric cancer in Belarus is two hundred times the norm. Many organizations are supporting the children of Chernobyl: especially Chabad’s Children Chernobyl which is nonprofit organization response to the devastating nuclear disaster. They provided medical

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