The Effects Of The Bose-Einstein Condensate

1613 Words 7 Pages
A gas is a piece of matter that fills the shape of the container that it is in. It always has a uniform density inside the container even in the presence of gravity and no matter how much substance is in it. The atoms in a gas are not compressed unlike liquids and solids and move freely among each other. Even though they are not compressed, they ARE ABLE to be compressed in order to reduce its volume. When gas is heated, it gains kinetic energy, which makes the atoms move more rapidly. And when a gas is cooled it’s the opposite, and it slows down and loses kinetic energy. And if a gas inside a container is heated, the pressure inside the container is increased. And if the container is cooled down, the pressure decreases. If the volume of the …show more content…
Condensate stands for condensation because the molecules get denser and more packed together because they form a liquid from a gas. Bose-Einstein condensates are the exact opposite of plasmas. Plasmas are super hot and excited molecules while in condensates they are super not excited and are freezing. When gases condensate, the atoms lose energy and begin to slow down and collect together to create a single droplet of water. When you boil water, the vapor collects on the lid and cools down to become a liquid again, which then is a condensate. The bose-einstein condensate happens at a very low temperature. At zero kelvin, all molecular motion completely stops. Scientists figured out how to get a temperature a billionth of a degree above absolute zero. And when temperatures reach that low you are able to create a Bose-Einstein Condensate with some very special elements. The scientists, Cornell and Wieman did it with Rubidium. Atoms begin to clump when you are at a temperature near absolute zero. The atom parts begin to clump and cannot move at all. They lose almost all of their energy. And because there is no energy to transfer, all of the atoms have the same energy level and are like twins. The final result of this clumping is a Bose-Einstein Condensate. And the Rubidium they used just sits in the same place and creates a super atom. Meaning that there are no more independent atoms, they are all one blob or super atom. At this state, scientists have discovered that the Bose-Einstein condensates can be used as “Quantum simulators” for investigating particles that have only been predicted to exist using theories only, but are too hard to create and observe directly. Masahito Ueda and his partner Nguyen Thanh Phuc from RIKEN and Yuki Kawaguchi from the University of Tokyo have demonstrated that a Bose-Einstein condensate can be used to simulate a phenomenon called quantum mass acquisition. This phenomenon

Related Documents