The Effects Of The Atomic Bomb On Nagasaki

2087 Words 9 Pages
It was the morning of August 6th, 1945, when a specially designed B-29 bomber aircraft, given the name Enola Gay, would embark on an unforgettable mission that was ordered by U.S President Harry Truman. It took flight at 2:45 a.m., departing from the Tinian air force base sailing its way to Hiroshima, Japan. This massive plane had a full wingspan of 43 meters and a top speed of 365 mph. However, it was neither its size nor speed that made it a deadly war machine; it was the single piece of cargo that it carried. For this plane carried in its belly, the first atomic bomb that was used in a populated area. Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. These two events left an undeniable impact and profound effects that will …show more content…
For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision in his life. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered, but war with Japan prolonged. Time and time again, Japan proved its unrelenting strength and unshaken determination. Each battle was a life and death struggle. Japan fought relentlessly to virtually every last man and refused to surrender unconditionally. The total strength of the Japanese Army was estimated to be around 5,000,000 troops. To plan such an attack on Japan may cause the United States over one million American casualties. For Truman, the decision to drop the bombs was purely military to save American lives and prolonging the war was not an option for the President. Therefore, the decision was made; the United States would bomb two of the most important military cities in Japan. These two cities would be Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Hiroshima was the headquarters of Japanese Army and “a major military storage and assembly point. Nagasaki was a major seaport and it contained several large industrial plants of great wartime importance” (Stimson 14). With the official approval of the President, word was given to ready the two atomic bombs of Little Boy and Fat …show more content…
The plane, Enola Gay, flew right over the unsuspecting city of 320,000 citizens. At 8:15:17 a.m., the bomb doors sprang open and Little Boy was on its dissent downward. In just 43 seconds, the city of Hiroshima ceased to exist. “The sky over Hiroshima became illuminated with a flash brighter and more powerful than the sun. A wave of heat swept through the city and back again. The beautiful day, in an instant, became a nightmare” (Steele). In just seconds, a heat wave flared through the city, reaching temperatures as high as 3,000 degrees Celsius, causing severe burns. A massive mushroom cloud climbed 40,000 feet above the city and the impact of the bomb itself instantly killed 70,000 people. Seas of fires erupted as far as two miles away and not one building was left standing that day. Weeks and years later, after the bombing, people of Hiroshima still suffered the brutal consequences due to the mass of radiation given off by the blast. Nearly 100,000 more died from radiation poisoning and severe burns. Three days later, after the Hiroshima bombing, another bomb named “Fat Man” was dropped on the city of Nagasaki at exactly 11:01 a.m. The horrific events in Hiroshima were also witnessed in Nagasaki. Right after that blast, an estimated 35,000 deaths; 60,000 wounded, and 5,000 were missing. However, numbers of deaths soon rose to be around 87,000 due to the deaths by radiation poisoning. Furthermore,

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