Essay on The Effects Of Smoking On All Systems Of The Body

1325 Words Oct 14th, 2014 6 Pages
Smoking has a large effect on all systems of the body. W.R, a 48 year old plumber has a 36- pack year smoking history. One of the major effects of smoking is atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is the hardening and narrowing of the blood vessels due to a fat and plaque buildup on the vessels. Some of the major risk factors for atherosclerosis include hypercholesterolemia, increasing age, sex- male being more prevalent than females, high blood cholesterol levels, cigarette smoking, obesity, and hypertension, all of which the patient has. (1)
There are three main types of lesions associated with atherosclerosis, including fatty streaks, fibrous atheromatous plaques, and complicated lesions. Regardless of factors such as sex, race, and lifestyles, fatty streaks are located in every person. They are often found to accumulate in children who become one year of age. Most often times, fatty streaks will continue to be produced until the age of 20. (1)

One of the major progressions of atherosclerosis is because smoking causes damage to the endothelial lining. Endothelial cells line all blood vessels. The endothelial cells are responsible for the blood supply to the tissues. If the endothelial cells are damaged, the tissue perfusion is inadequate which may result to the death of a tissue on the body. Endothelial cells, along with basal lamina and pericytes line the entire vasculature system. Some of the endothelial cell’s roles within the body include maintaining normal function and…

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