The Effects Of Protective Factors On Risk Assessment Essay

861 Words May 16th, 2016 4 Pages
In order to understand the concept of protective factors in relation to risk assessment, it is important to review resiliency in recidivism. Resilience in the forensic and psychiatric context might be best understood in terms of protective factors that help individuals either avoid or reduce their risk of negative expected outcomes (e.g. violence, suicide, victimization etc.). Thus, despite the presence of risk factors, a negative outcome is reduced or avoided as a result of protective factors (Fergus & Zimmerman, 2005). A related concept is vulnerability, which is sometimes seen as the polar opposite of resilience, in that vulnerability is the extent to which someone will have an increased likelihood of a negative outcome after exposure to a risk factor, whereas resilience relates to avoiding the negative outcome despite the presence of that vulnerability. When the negative outcome is avoided and the vulnerability is not present, this can be viewed as normative development or normative responding (Fergus & Zimmerman, 2005).
According to Bonanno (2004) there is a distinction between recovery and resilience, in that resilience is characterised more by the ability to generate positive experiences and emotions in the months following a trauma or even immediately afterwards. In contrast, recovery is characterised by an initial traumatic reaction with moderate to severe interruption in normal functioning, followed by a return to normal functioning some months later. Although…

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