The Effects Of Prejudice On The Middle East Essays

752 Words Dec 1st, 2015 4 Pages
Although this group has always been at least slightly stigmatized, conflicts in the Middle East combined with terrorists attacks such as the 9/11 tragedy have led to increases in stereotyping and hostility (Cainkar, 2006; Salaita, 2005). The tolerance initially extended to this group has largely vanished and individuals of Middle Eastern descent have been labeled as “terrorist,” “spy,” and “saboteur” with increasing frequency, further reinforcing the idea that they are dangerous and can never fully assimilate into American society (Cainkar, 2006; Jenkins, Ruppel, Kizer, Yehl, & Griffin, 2012; Gotanda, 2011).
Evidence of the increasing prejudice against this minority group can be seen in their extremely poor rating on the Social Distance Scale, a measurement of the degree of social interaction individuals are willing to accept with members of specific groups. A recent study evaluating this measure of prejudice revealed that “Muslims” and “Arabs” ranked the lowest by far of 30 racial and ethnic groups (Parrillo & Donoghue, 2005). These hostile reactions and discriminatory practices are partially the result of Islamophobia, “An exaggerated fear, hatred, and hostility toward Islam and Muslims that is perpetuated by negative stereotypes resulting in bias, discrimination, and the marginalization and exclusion of Muslims from social, political, and civic life” (Wajahat Ali, 2011). The prevalence and severity of this attitude has increased significantly since the 9/11 attacks.…

Related Documents